Group 4: Ti, Zr, Hf
Electron Binding Energies

Binding energies quoted in electron-volts (eV)


Electron
Identity
Titantium
Ti
Zirconium
Zr
Hafnium
Hf
1s4969.918000.665350.8
2s566.782536.0711270.7
2p461.0932254.969953.6
3s63.94433.982601.93
3p37.8533338.6132195.13
3d8.1184.4561684.72
4s6.828255.04538.05
4p32.9667400.547
4d8.61217.516
4f16.8857
5s6.633965
5p33.7083
5d7
6s6.82507

Author: Dan Thomas Email: <thomas@chembio.uoguelph.ca>
Last Updated: Sat, Feb 8, 1997