Group 5: V, Nb, Ta
Electron Binding Energies

Binding energies quoted in electron-volts (eV)


Electron
Identity
Vanadium
V
Niobium
Nb
Tantalum
Ta
1s5469.618988.667416.4
2s632.942702.1311681.5
2p520.6072406.3810299.4
3s71.94471.482709.33
3p42.9369.0072286.6
3d8.13333208.6441759.09
4s6.746361.12565.48
4p37.3133424.053
4d7.17233.44
4f25.1086
5s6.7588570.98
5p38.19
5d8.3
6s7.89

Author: Dan Thomas Email: <thomas@chembio.uoguelph.ca>
Last Updated: Sat, Jan 25, 1997